Australia is a vast continent with many species of plant and animal life. Among plant life, there exist several varieties of flowers on the continent. Like many continents, climate conditions vary in Australia and the species of flowers will differ depending on where they are found. There are six different territories that make up the country and each have a slightly different climate conditions that distinguishes them.
Australian Flower Varieties
The flower varieties found in Australia states will depend on the climates in which they are able to grow. It is estimated that there are over 18,000 different flowering plant species in the country, including approximately 2,000 species that were introduced to the continent. That leaves over 16,000 native flowering plant species in the country. This article will describe some of the flowers by the regions where they are found.
Flowers of the Outback
Whenever photographs of the Outback are published, the red rock formations seem to be the focus of the pictures. This makes the land seem like a desert wasteland where nothing can grow under the harsh conditions. However, on closer inspection, there is a world of plant to be discovered, including several flower species.
Sturt’s Desert Pea – is a flower with blood red petals and a large black bump in the middle of the flower. The vine of the flower creeps along the ground and can grow up to eight feet in length. This is the state flower of South Australia. The flower is cultivated by the Aborigines, who also eat the seeds.
Andamooka Lily – it is found in all of Western Australia and parts of Central Australia. It is a wild flower that has stalks that grow from an egg shaped bulb after heavy rains. The plant can grow up to 20 inches tall. The blossom of the lily is a pale yellow and the odour of the flower is said to be unpleasant, earning it the nickname of the “stink lily.”
Kangaroo Paws – this flower is the emblem of Western Australia. The blossom grows on a shrub like plant and they vary in colour. The Red and Green Kangaroo Paws is one of the most common varieties. It survives the harsh climate of the desert because of the wooly growths on the flower collect water. These flowers are distributed around the world and used as cut flowers for floral arrangements.
Flowers of the Australian Bush
The bushlands of Australia are vast and cover much of the continent. The bush can be any area that is outside of the major metropolitan areas of the country, including the grasslands. The grasslands are found in every state of the country, though they cover a good portion of the states of Northern Territory, Queensland and Western Australia.
Sticky Kurrajong – this red flower blooms on the sticky Kurrajong tree found in the Australian Bush. It can be found in the states of the Northern Territory, New South Wales and Southern Australia. The seeds have a sticky texture to them that can irritate the skin.
Bottlebrush – the crimson bottlebrush is one of the most common varieties of this plant and flower. It is a hardy plant that requires very little care and is very difficult to kill. The blooms also come in pink, mauve, cream and green. The flowers attract native birds, particularly those that are honey eaters.
Common or Pink Heath – this bloom is found in Victoria, where it is the emblem flower. They grow primarily in the southeast part of South Australia across southern Victoria and north into parts of southern New South Wales. They are often found in foothills in these areas, though they can be found in coastal regions too. They come in other colours, depending on where they are found. The white flower is produced in areas with more sun exposure. They also have scarlet or long pink and broad pink or white blooms.
Tropical Flowers in Australia
The northern areas of Australia are very warm as they are closer to the equator. There are equatorial or tropical weather patterns in these areas, producing many different types of flowers. These tropical flowers usually have deep green broad leafs and come in a wide variety of vivid colours.
Waratah – this is a rainforest flower grown on small trees and shrubs in tropical parts of Queensland and in areas of the state of New South Wales. It is also the floral emblem for the state of New South Wales. The blooms are usually red, but they have been cultivated in other colours such as white, cream with a pink tinge, red with white tips, and flowers that bloom white than turn pink.
Native Frangipani – this is a rainforest flower that is grown on evergreen trees that get up to 60 feet tall when cultivated. It blooms as a creamy yellow flower with a strong, heady aroma. The flowers attract many honey eating birds and butterflies. It grows mainly in the tropical areas of New South Wales and Victoria.
Native of Lilac Hibiscus – this flower is a shrub that is similar to the tropical Hawaiian hibiscus plant. It grows along the entire coastline of Western Australia. They have long flowering period between June and January in Australia. The blossoms range from purple, white, pink, lilac, mauve and a blue colour.
Flowering Eucalyptus Trees
One of the most common trees in Australia, the Eucalyptus tree, also known as gum trees, produce beautiful blossoms. They have a wide range of colours, such as white, red and yellow green flowers. Instead of petals, these flowers have stamen like growths that surround the centre of the flower. As there are a wide variety of eucalyptus trees, their blossoms come in many different forms and colours as well.
Australian flowers come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes, colours and they may grow on shrubs, trees or as flowering plants. Each region of the country has their own unique flowers, many of which are used in floral arrangements or bouquets. More info about Australian native flowers, check this website: http://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/